Israel

Name of Jacob¹ and, by extension, of all his descendants

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Israel

This name was given to Jacob at Penuel  and at Bethel. It also applies to his descendants and to their kingdom. After the division of the kingdom, the northern tribes, as the larger part, retained the name Israel, while the southern kingdom was called Judah. The land of Canaan is also called Israel today.  The name Israel is therefore variously used to denote (1) the man Jacob, (2) the literal descendants of Jacob, and (3) the true believers in Christ, regardless of their lineage or geographical location.

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