Through the blessings of the Lord, the sons of Mosiah experienced remarkable missionary success among the Lamanites, including Lamoni, king in the land of Ishmael, and his father, king over all the land. Just prior to his death, the aging father of Lamoni conferred the kingdom upon another of his sons, whom he named Anti-Nephi-Lehi. Little is known concerning the life of this new king.
The Anti-Nephi-Lehies, as the followers of the king called themselves , obeyed the advice of their king by prostrating themselves before their attacking countrymen. Many were slain before the Lamanites, astonished at such behavior, ceased their attack. “Now when the Lamanites saw this they did forbear from slaying them; and there were many whose hearts had swollen in them for those of their brethren who had fallen under the sword, for they repented of the things which they had done”. As a result, over a thousand joined the people of Anti-Nephi-Lehi and forsook their warring lifestyle—more than were lost in the attack.